What Is Persistent Depressive Disorder?

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Chronic depression

Persistent depressive disorder is a form of chronic depression. Feelings of sadness and hopelessness are constantly felt by the sufferer.

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Years of symptoms

While the symptoms present with PDD might mirror those of other disorders, its defining characteristic is the amount of time the sufferer has had them.

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Interference with day-to-day life

As someone with PDD has constant negative feelings for so long, the condition interferes with normal life and forming relationships, being employed, and schooling.

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Lack of appetite"

Having little appetite or no appetite at all, as well as overeating, are all signs that the chemical signals in the body are out of whack, and could be a symptom of PDD.

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Sadness

Everyone gets low from time to time, or after a difficult event; that's normal. However, someone with PDD will consistently feel sad, no matter what.

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Insomnia

Experiencing difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep, otherwise known as insomnia, is another symptom of PDD.

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Low energy

When energy is low, we can't perform at our best. Someone with PDD will feel fatigued all the time, or will have little energy to fulfill their responsibilities.

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Low self-esteem

In the normal course of life, confidence can take a knock from time to time. However, if you suffer with PDD you will have very low self-esteem.

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Hopelessness

Medications may help. There are medications like benzodiazepines that treat the symptoms. But they’re also addictive. That’s why doctors don’t recommend them for long-term use.

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Difficulty concentrating

It's very difficult to make decisions if you cannot focus or concentrate. PDD can make it impossible, causing much distress to the sufferer.

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Brain circuitry

It's unclear exactly what causes PDD. It's believed one potential cause is changes to the brain's circuitry; in particular, lower levels of serotonin.

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